The Right Instructional Strategy
You know what to teach: summarizing. You have the resource to teach it: task cards.
Put it in a center and let the students work? Give each group 1 card, 2 minutes to work, and switch tables (scoot)? You want the best instructional approach.
You need the maximum learning from your time.
to give your students the best learning.
Ways to Use Summarizing Task Cards
- Shared reading
- Deepen understanding through question stems
- Play games
- Quick guided reading with skills focus
- As an engaging writing task
Let's look at these five strategies in details, so you can get the best results from your summarizing task cards!
Five Summarizing Task Card Strategies in Detail
1. Shared Reading with Task Cards
It's a perfect blend between reading to the class and the students reading with your guidance. Here's the step-by-step on how to do this strategy:
- Project the task card for the whole class to see. Begin reading aloud.
- Read aloud 4-6 words, pause, and let students read the word aloud that you paused on. It's kind of a blend between shared reading and choral reading.
- They continue to follow along silently until you pause, and then they read the word aloud. Use a laser pointer to keep their eyes on track.
This approach works because you can use texts that are too difficult for students to read alone. Students build fluency, expand vocabulary, and increase comprehension as you question them on problems, solutions, character intentions, and summaries.
2. Deepen Comprehension Skills
Summarizing task cards are perfect to use with any comprehension skill. You just need some question stems posted in the room.
...I've provided comprehension question stems below!
Summarizing task cards work because the length of the text is perfect. They are longer than other types of task cards, so they lend themselves to a variety of mini-lesson skills. The texts aren't so long that they take the entire lesson time.
Having a set of your own comprehension question stems can help you use summarizing task cards for any skill. Here are a few question stems to start.
Inference: The text says __ and __, what can you predict from that?
Inference: The [character] did __, but the the author didn't say why. What do you think were the reasons?
Ideas and Details: What are three details that support the idea that __?
Ideas and Details: The text says __ , __, and __. What is this mostly about?
Plot: Can you paraphrase the problem? Can you paraphrase the solution?
Cause/Effect: Why did __ do __?
Context Clues: What words or phrases help you know that __ means?
Use the task cards during the lesson. Then follow-up the next day as a warm-up or bell work. Do these simple steps:
- Give students the same card as yesterday's comprehension lesson.
- Instead of using the question stems like those above, have the students pick the best summary from multiple choices on the task cards!
3. Playing Games with Task Cards
You know when students are dragging. Several days of monotony is slowing their energy levels. The emotional engagement just isn't there.
Use a task card game to change it up. Increased excitement to participate may be just what the students need to increase engagement in learning.
4. For Skills-Focused Guided Reading
Summarizing task cards are perfect for guided reading when you are wanting to teach a specific skill. They're long enough to use the reading process, but they're not too long to lose focus on teaching a skill.
Use any one of the question stems above and pair your questions with modeling and explaining. Talk less and ask students to explain to you how to do the skill you're teaching.
End the guided reading lesson giving the summarizing questions that come with the task cards. Watch student comprehension increase quickly!
5. Recycle the Task Cards for Writing
Use the task cards for writing after you exhaust their potential for reading instruction. Follow these simple steps for an engaging and rigorous writing assignment.
- Reread the cards as a shared reading.
- Students pick the correct summary.
- Change one element of the story structure (setting, character, plot).
- Ask the students, "If the ___ changes to ___, how will this affect the plot?"
- Give students time to talk.
- Then have students write a summary of the story with this important change.
Read our Newer Posts: Summarizing Video & Task Card Bundle, Reading Test Prep, Summarizing Without Headaches
The Research Base
Years of data provide evidence to support the use of shared reading, guided reading, and comprehension focused instruction (Stahl, 2012). The most important aspects of improving comprehension include the use of questioning strategies and ensuring active engagement. The motivation to participate is a major obstacle for many struggling readers. Take away this obstacle using the five teaching strategies above.
One Set of Task Cards, So Many Uses
You have that perfect set of summarizing task cards, but there are just so many great ways to use them! The great thing is they can flexible and can be reused in each of these ways. If you're looking for a great set of summarizing task cards, you can view TeamTom's best-selling cards at Teachers Pay Teachers.